List of articles contained in the IR/INFO 2008 Proceedings:
Infrared Thermography Goes on Safari
Allinson, John (Jack) N., II
Level 1 Certified Infrared Thermographer
J.N. Allinson Associates, Inc.
222 University Blvd. North #2
Jacksonville, FL 32211
Infrared thermography is utilized for a wide variety of industrial applications. Thermography can also provide interesting imagery in areas outside of traditional applications.
An exciting safari to the Etosha Pan in Namibia, Africa by Mr. Allinson resulted in infrared video clips of Great White Shark breaches and game animals.
This presentation will share his footage and illustrate the use of the features of an infrared camera that are capable of capturing “burst recordings” and the software that enables post-processing of the video footage.
Bridging the Gap: Communicating Motor Reliability to Management
Bethel, Noah P.
5909C Hampton Oaks Parkway
Tampa, FL 33610
Convincing management to spend money on reliability for a motor that appears to be running just fine requires a higher degree of communication than merely pointing fingers.
“It’s not the Motor!” just doesn’t cut it anymore in today’s highly advanced maintenance reliability world. From reliability technicians and engineers to reliability supervisors and management, a common communication protocol can increase the understanding of a reliability situation.
This paper will focus on the six fault zone approach and “bridge the gap” by providing insight into one of the largest problems faced in analyzing electrical equipment; that is, accurately identifying where the true problem lies.
Once problems are properly identified, it is imperative that this information is communicated to management efficiently and effectively, making expensive decisions easier.
Thermographic Case Studies of Building and Roof Water Intrusion in the Southeastern US
Level III Certified
Brady Infrared Inspections
935 Pine Castle Court
Stuart, FL 34996
Public awareness of mold and moisture-related sickness has grown over the past few years.
This awareness has demanded that water intrusion problems in buildings be solved. Infrared technology has been shown to be a viable tool for meeting some of these demands, as evidenced by some cameras being designed and manufactured specifically for the task.
By far, the leading causes of water intrusion problems are inferior design and construction, and the natural degradation of water-sealing building materials over time.
As a thermographer performing infrared surveys on buildings and roofs throughout the Southeast US over the past several years, I have been provided some great opportunities to observe a wide variety of water intrusion problems.
This paper contains several case studies of infrared inspections performed on buildings that have experienced water damage caused by hurricanes, summer climates of extreme heat, high humidity and heavy rains, and other age-related ailments. Infrared images showing delaminating stucco, wall cracks, deteriorated sealants, roof damage, and other related problems are presented.
Infrared and the Information Age
Logos Computer Solutions
3801 14th Avenue West
Seattle, WA 98119
New technology has created new ways of storing, presenting, and backing up your information. Automation is happening in almost every area of the infrared industry.
Customer expectations are changing in this market and insurance companies are influencing what is acceptable for a “professional infrared inspection”. New standards such as NFPA 70E have created new headaches for thermographers as well as some new opportunities.
Knowing what is happening in this information age and how to best take advantage of the opportunities it presents will be discussed in more detail during this presentation.
Going Green: Tracking Down the “Greenhouse Gas” SF6 with Infrared Thermography
Infrared Training Center, FLIR Systems, Inc.
25 Esquire Road
North Billerica, MA 01862
Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6), used as an insulator in high-voltage utility equipment, has been targeted for emissions reduction by the EPA. Together, the EPA and many major utility companies are working to better control SF6emissions because it contributes more to the greenhouse effect than any other gas and has a projected atmospheric life of 3,200 years.
This presentation will explore how a recent technological advancement in infrared thermography allows us to detect SF6 in real time.
Some of the benefits of using this technology will be highlighted, including decreasing SF6emissions, helping to preserve the environment, and detecting more than twenty other fugitive gases.
Diagnosis and Repair of Failing In-floor Electric Radiant Heating Lines
Durston, Lee BS, CBST
Director of Building Science
2106 Pacific Avenue, Suite 300
Tacoma, WA 98402
With radiant in-floor heating becoming more popular, both in private residential and multi-family residential, the number of failures experienced in these systems is increasing proportionally. Infrared is now being used to locate failure points and assist in the QA/QC process on many construction sites.
By utilizing infrared, one can save both time and money and play an integral part in claim subrogation as a failure of this type is mitigated.
This presentation will introduce tips and tricks used in diagnosis and repair of electric radiant in-floor heating systems through multiple case studies in which infrared proved to be a valuable resource.
Correlation of Thermographic Assessment of Vascular Reactions with Body Mass Index, Heart Rate, and Stress
Norco High School
In 2006, a study titled, “Thermographic Assessment of Cold Stimulation on Autonomic Vascular Reactions” was conducted to determine the potential usefulness of thermal imaging to evaluate and monitor autonomic vascular reactions, and to establish whether thermal imagery could be used to effectively detect pre-clinical stages of circulatory problems.
In 2007, this topic was revisited to expand on previous findings by evaluating whether there is a correlation with thermographic assessment of vascular reactions among three distinct groups of participants using Body Mass Index (BMI), heart rate and stress.
Internet Tools for Energy Conservation and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Programs
Kilawatt Technologies, Inc.
444 Juniper Ridge
Shelburne, VT 05482
Because of rapidly escalating energy costs, companies are increasingly looking for ways to reduce their costs as well as the greenhouse gas emissions from the generation of the energy they use.
Thermographers inspect most of this energy production and distribution equipment, from boilers to transformers to motors to breakers. As such, they can influence, or are often in contact with, those charged with implementing energy conservation programs.
This paper describes the four different levels of energy conservation and efficiency, the measurement and verification procedures for designing a successful program and three different methods for collecting data about energy equipment performance.
Finally, we describe four internet-delivered services that a thermographer can offer or refer to their clients or to other in-house personnel.
They include remote measurement and verification services for designing and delivering a traceable energy reduction program as well as sophisticated diagnostics of building automation systems.
We will illustrate the capabilities of the Kilawatt Technologies EnerSuitetm software.
Inspection of Steam Reformers and Catalyst Tubes with Infrared Thermography
NDE Institute of Trinidad, Ltd.
15 Robertson Street
Les Efforts East
Trinidad, West Indies
Infrared Thermography is one of the most useful inspection tools to help locate problems in steam reformers while the units are online and fired.
This paper will discuss the three main areas of a steam reformer that can be efficiently inspected with thermography.
It will also discuss common inspection and diagnostic practices used in the industry today and how some of these practices are unknowingly wrong and may have a large impact on the data that have been collected over many years.
Case Study of Missing Insulation within a New Hotel
Mayfield, Tom CIRT, CIAQT
Mayfield Thermography Consulting Services, Inc.
1805 Glengarry Drive
Carrollton, Texas 75006
The management at a brand-new, four-star Texas hotel received so many complaints about the noise from adjoining rooms that they hired an acoustical engineer to find the problem.
The engineer was able to tell them that they had a problem with missing insulation, but could not determine where the insulation was missing.
Our firm was hired to locate the areas where insulation was missing so that repairs could be made under warranty by the general contractor.
This paper describes the methodology developed and shows the results of that testing.
The Internet for Thermographers
Peacock, Raymond G.
Southampton, PA 18966
In 1996, Brian Thomas, a well-known staff member at SPIE, published a book entitled “The Internet for Scientists and Engineers” describing the many communications tools and resources available via the internet.
He published several others books and the field of internet information has never looked back. Some of his work has helped put SPIE at the forefront of digital technology in professional society services.
The internet has changed dramatically since that first book and today it offers tools and resources for technically oriented professionals that literally defy description.
This paper will summarize a few of the specialized ones specially available for infrared thermographers as well as some more general purpose ones that can save time, enhance communications and help expand a small business as well as educate everyone.
How a Fenestration Professional in New England Benefits from Use of Infrared Thermal Imaging of Doors & Windows
Founding member of IFSPA
Maine Infrared Solutions
40 Orchard Lane
Otisfield, ME 04270
I have been in the window and door troubleshooting industry for thirteen years and I am very excited about a new tool that I added to my arsenal this year.
Statistics show that in New England, 98% of water invasion and cold air infiltration in windows and doors is attributed to improper installation. Infrared thermography allows me to find problems and validate my diagnoses.
What is really important is that the IR images can be read and understood by window and door manufacturers, dealers, contractors, and even homeowners.
Best of all, it can lead to a solution that is the most cost-effective for that particular situation.
It is not uncommon in the industry to replace every window in a home due to a small shortcoming in the installation method or a small manufacturing defect. Misdiagnosis of a problem can cost the manufacturer, reflect badly on the factory and the dealer, cost the contractor time, and importantly, add unnecessary aggravation for the homeowner.
My thermal camera has become the most valued tool in my truck. When I use the camera and find a problem, or the extent of a problem, everybody wins! This paper shows examples of what I have found and how I have saved money for all parties involved.
See What You’ve Been Missing:
How IR Windows Can Help Prevent Arc Flash and Assist with NFPA 70E Compliance
Director of Sales
6151 Lake Osprey Drive
Sarasota, FL 34240
Nearly all arc flash incidents occur when someone is working live with switchgear covers removed. However, using infrared viewing panes as a part of your IR inspection program eliminates the risks associated with live thermography.
When there are fewer risks, more inspections can be completed due to safer access, and this reduces the number of equipment failures because of routine monitoring under loaded conditions. IR inspections are becoming so common that electrical switchgear manufacturers are fitting viewing panes, grills and mesh screens in an attempt to make their panels infrared friendly.
NFPA 70E regulations restrict access to live components by defining a series of boundaries related to working with energized electrical equipment. Flash protection boundaries define the safe working distances in which any tradesman can operate. Thermographers must be fully conversant with these regulations, especially if they intend to remove covers for a live inspection.
This paper will discuss in detail the material limitations and inspection methodologies associated with IR viewing ports, and the benefits of their use with regards to NFPA 70E compliance.
Sizing Up the Job: How Long Does It Take?
Sharlon, Michael R.
1215 Sturgis Road
Conway, AR 72034
”How long will the infrared survey take?”
The answer to this question can be instrumental in obtaining or losing a job, whether you are an independent thermographer speaking with a prospective client or a company employed thermographer speaking with your boss.
The accuracy of your estimate can also prove just as instrumental in being asked to do the job the next time it is due.
This presentation will help you to develop new, or improve on existing skills in estimating your time for completing a site or baseline predictive maintenance infrared survey.
How Large Facilities, Industrial Complexes, Campuses, Military Bases, and Cities can Benefit from Wide-Area Thermal Mapping
Stockton, Gregory R.
Stockton Infrared Thermographic Services, Inc.
8472 Adams Farm Road
Randleman, NC 27317
Cell: 336-689-3658 (cell)
Aerial infrared (IR) thermal imagery from surveys of large facilities, industrial complexes, campuses, military bases, and cities can be used for many purposes.
Steam and condensate return lines, hot water lines, chilled water lines, supply water mains, distribution piping, storm water drains, sewer lines, electrical switchgear and buildings can all be monitored by looking at surface temperatures and thermal patterns.
Having one giant thermal and visual image of a campus can help facility managers improve their preventive maintenance programs and to comply with various energy and regulatory requirements.
This paper shows examples of how thermal and visual data are collected, processed, delivered, and the many ways they are used to benefit an owner.
What to Look for First When Performing Building IR Surveys
Stockton, Gregory R.
Stockton Infrared Thermographic Services, Inc.
8472 Adams Farm Road
Randleman, NC 27317
Cell: 336-689-3658 (cell)
Infrared inspections of buildings represent one of the most challenging applications for thermography.
Infrared thermography can be an effective tool to help find problems with the design and construction of many buildings, but an infrared thermographer must have a good working understanding of building physics and the limitations of their equipment.
Thermographers must be able to select and utilize infrared equipment with sufficient resolution and sensitivity for each inspection. Thermographers must also apply the correct methodology and techniques for the structure inspected and/or result sought.
There are some common reasons for building problems which can be investigated first as a precursor to an in-depth survey. This paper focuses on these common problems in buildings.
“Hear No Evil: See No Evil”
Using Ultrasound and Infrared to Analyze Equipment Anomalies
– Midwestern States
UE Systems, Inc.
14 Hayes Street
Elmsford, NY 10523
Incorporating ultrasound and infrared technologies to diagnose equipment anomalies can provide the necessary information needed to make a reliable judgment regarding what course of action should be taken.
While infrared will detect anomalies related to heat, ultrasound can be used to analyze the test subject through changes in sound intensity levels and spectral analysis.
This presentation will review the information provided through ultrasound and infrared thermography on specific equipment components that helped lead to successful diagnoses.
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